The Satisfied Savior by Pastor John Samson
"Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors." Isaiah 53:11-12 ESV
Christ's work on the cross achieved all of the Divine purposes for it. The intent of the design was not merely to try to save all, but when all was said and done, the plan could fail for many because of that stubborn thing called "free will," with the Savior sad for all eternity because many He died for received no benefit for all His labor. No, He died a satisfied Savior, giving Himself for His friends, for His sheep, for His people, for His Church, and fully accomplished the work of redemption for all in this number.
All who are particularists (who believe that not everyone will be saved - that some people will in fact spend eternity in hell) believe in some type of limitation to the atonement of Christ. The Arminian limits its power, for it only becomes effectual through man's cooperation; the Reformed person limits its extent.
Christ did not build a wide bridge that merely went most of the way from heaven to earth, requiring all who were willing to jump the final few yards. It was a narrow cross shaped bridge, that extended all the way from heaven to earth, with Jesus the Savior, walking the bridge, finding His sheep on the other side in spiritual death, raising them to life, and carrying each one safely to heaven in His arms.
The Reformation sola of "Grace Alone," did not refer to a grace that tries but often times fails to accomplish its intention. For the Reformers it meant "grace at the start, grace to the end, grace in the middle, grace without fail, grace without mixture, grace without addition, grace that allows no boasting, grace that precludes all glorying but in the Lord."
As C. H. Spurgeon said, "The doctrine of Holy Scripture is this, that inasmuch as man could not keep God's law, having fallen in Adam, Christ came and fulfilled the law on the behalf of his people; and that inasmuch as man had already broken the divine law and incurred the penalty of the wrath of God, Christ came and suffered in the room, place, and stead of his elect ones, that so by his enduring the full vials of wrath, they might be emptied out and not a drop might ever fall upon the heads of his blood-bought people." (C. H. Spurgeon - Sermon 310 - "Christ our Substitute - New Park Street, Southwark)
"I had rather believe a limited atonement that is efficacious for all men for whom it was intended, than an universal atonement that is not efficacious for anybody, except the will of man be joined with it." (C. H. Spurgeon - Sermon number 173 - Metropolitan Pulpit 4:121)
In another sermon, Spurgeon preached, "Once again, if it were Christ's intention to save all men, how deplorably has He been disappointed, for we have His own evidence that there is a lake that burneth with fire and brimstone, and into that pit must be cast some of the very persons, who according to that theory, were bought with His blood. That seems to me a thousand times more frightful than any of those horrors, which are said to be associated with the Calvinistic and Christian doctrine of particular redemption." (C. H. Spurgeon - Sermon 204 - New Park Street Pulpit 4:553)
This doctrine of the particular redemption or definite atonement of Christ, speaks of God's design in the atonement, and who it was God was intending to save when Christ went to the cross. Christ died as a substitute who bore the full weight of God's wrath on behalf of His people, paying the penalty for their sin. Christ intended to save His sheep and actually secured everything necessary for their salvation. The gift of faith is infallibly applied by the Spirit to all for whom Christ died, thereby guaranteeing their salvation.
Singer and songwriter Steve Camp recently wrote the following: "When the Lord Jesus Christ declared from the cross,"It is finished!", He had:
fulfilled the Law;
went beyond the veil;
satisfied God's justice;
propitiated the Father's wrath;
satisfied His holiness;
fulfilled all righteousness;
confirmed the gospel;
redeemed the elect;
justified His own from the penalty of sin;
quenched the guilt of our sin;
crushed the head of Satan and destroyed his hold of death;
abolished death and its sting;
fulfilled all redemptive Messianic prophecies;
secured for us eternal life;
brought us into intimacy with God;
imputed to us His perfect righteousness;
instituted a new covenant;
and brought us into peace with God forever!"
Salvation is by grace alone, through faith alone, because of Christ alone, based on the Scripture alone, to the glory of God alone! Christ's all sufficient work affirms this!
For those interested in a lengthier treatment of this subject, I have written an article available at http://fccphx.homestead.com/DivineIntention.html