"...if anyone makes the assistance of grace depend on the humility or obedience of man and does not agree that it is a gift of grace itself that we are obedient and humble, he contradicts the Apostle who says, "What have you that you did not receive?" (1 Cor. 4:7), and, "But by the grace of God I am what I am" (1 Cor. 15:10). (Council of Orange: Canon 6)


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  • « Images of the Savior (48 – His Crucifixion) | Main | Can you repent and believe in Christ by your own power? »

    Substitutionary Atonement and Double Imputation - 2nd Century AD

    "He showed how long-suffering He is. He bore with us, and in pity He took our sins upon Himself and gave His own Son as a ransom for us – the Holy for the wicked, the Sinless for sinners, the Just for the unjust, the Incorrupt for the corrupt, the Immortal for the mortal. For was there, indeed, anything except His righteousness that could have availed to cover our sins? In whom could we, in our lawlessness and ungodliness, have been made holy, but in the Son of God alone? O sweet exchange! O unsearchable working! O benefits unhoped for! – that the wickedness of multitudes should thus be hidden in the One holy, and the holiness of One should sanctify the countless wicked!"

    The quote is from The Epistle to Diognetus 9, translated by Maxwell Staniforth. This text dates from the mid to late 2nd century AD. It is an early indication that the doctrines of substitutionary atonement and double imputation were not first the product of the Protestant Reformation, but were held dear by the earliest generations of Christians. The author is unknown - he refers to himself simply as a mathetes “disciple”.

    Posted by John Samson on December 6, 2007 02:32 PM


    Good quote.

    "It is NOT those who hear the law who are righteous in God's sight, but it is those who obey the law who will be declared righteous."
    Apparently you are not aware that the law of God has had an addition made to it AFTER Jesus' crucifixion. Therefore his crucifixion is not the direct benefit you have assumed it to be.

    to T. A. Jones:
    To the contrary ...
    “But now the righteousness of God has been manifested APART FROM THE LAW, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it— the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe.” (Romans 3:21–22) “For, being ignorant of the righteousness of God, and seeking to establish their own, they did not submit to God’s righteousness.” (Romans 10:3) “O foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you? It was before your eyes that Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed as crucified. Let me ask you only this: Did you receive the Spirit by works of the law or by hearing with faith? Are you so foolish? Having begun by the Spirit, are you now being perfected by the flesh?” (Galatians 3:1–3) “Indeed, I count everything as loss because of the surpassing worth of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord. For his sake I have suffered the loss of all things and count them as rubbish, in order that I may gain Christand be found in him, NOT HAVING A RIGHTEOUSNESS OF MY OWN THAT COMES FROM THE LAW but that which comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith—” (Philippians 3:8–9).

    A careful comparison of 1 Corinthians 15 and Romans 5 will show the covenantal nature of imputed sin and righteousness. Just as we all became sinners through Adam's one transgression, so we are made righteous through Jesus' one act of righteousness.

    I sincerely pray that you will place your hope squarely upon the finished work of Jesus Christ, and not rely on your own efforts. Such efforts cannot perfect Jesus' work, but only sully it. And such feeble efforts could never repay the gift (Eph. 2:8-9) of God, but will merely insult the giver.

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