Banner

"...if anyone makes the assistance of grace depend on the humility or obedience of man and does not agree that it is a gift of grace itself that we are obedient and humble, he contradicts the Apostle who says, "What have you that you did not receive?" (1 Cor. 4:7), and, "But by the grace of God I am what I am" (1 Cor. 15:10). (Council of Orange: Canon 6)

Contributors

  • Rev. John Samson
  • Rev. David Thommen (URC)
  • John Hendryx
  • Marco Gonzalez

    We are a community of confessing believers who love the gospel of Jesus Christ, affirm the Biblical and Christ-exalting truths of the Reformation such as the five solas, the doctrines of grace, monergistic regeneration, and the redemptive historical approach to interpreting the Scriptures.

    top250.jpg

    Community Websites

    Monergism Books on Facebook

    Blogroll

    Latest Posts

    Categories

    Archives

    Ministry Links

  • « India Gospel Outreach (Update) | Main | The Parable of the Wedding Feast »

    The Intention and Result of Christ’s Sacrifice

    Hebrews 9:24 - 10:14 in the New American Standard Bible (Updated) reads:

    24 For Christ did not enter a holy place made with hands, a mere copy of the true one, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; 25 nor was it that He would offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the holy place year by year with blood that is not his own. 26 Otherwise, He would have needed to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now once at the consummation of the ages He has been manifested to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. 27 And inasmuch as it is appointed for men to die once and after this comes judgment, 28 so Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time for salvation without reference to sin, to those who eagerly await Him.

    1 For the Law, since it has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never, by the same sacrifices which they offer continually year by year, make perfect those who draw near. 2 Otherwise, would they not have ceased to be offered, because the worshipers, having once been cleansed, would no longer have had consciousness of sins? 3 But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins year by year. 4 For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. 5 Therefore, when He comes into the world, He says,
    “SACRIFICE AND OFFERING YOU HAVE NOT DESIRED, BUT A BODY YOU HAVE PREPARED FOR ME;
    6 IN WHOLE BURNT OFFERINGS AND sacrifices FOR SIN YOU HAVE TAKEN NO PLEASURE.
    7 “THEN I SAID, ‘BEHOLD, I HAVE COME (IN THE SCROLL OF THE BOOK IT IS WRITTEN OF ME) TO DO YOUR WILL, O GOD.’”

    8 After saying above, “SACRIFICES AND OFFERINGS AND WHOLE BURNT OFFERINGS AND sacrifices FOR SIN YOU HAVE NOT DESIRED, NOR HAVE YOU TAKEN PLEASURE in them” (which are offered according to the Law), 9 then He said, “BEHOLD, I HAVE COME TO DO YOUR WILL.” He takes away the first in order to establish the second. 10 By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

    11 Every priest stands daily ministering and offering time after time the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins; 12 but He, having offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, SAT DOWN AT THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD, 13 waiting from that time onward UNTIL HIS ENEMIES BE MADE A FOOTSTOOL FOR HIS FEET. 14 For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified.

    Over the last two weeks, my friend, Dr. James White has preached four sermons on this tremendous passage of Scripture (above). They contain extremely rich and powerful insights into what the cross of Christ actually accomplished for the people of God. Knowing these things is the necessary antidote to so much false religion that masquerades under the banner and guise of Christianity in our day.

    These sermons are now available to hear at the sermon audio site at the following links (below) and are VERY HIGHLY recommended. - JS

    (1) Heb 9:26-28

    (2) Heb 10:1-4

    (3) Heb 10:5-10

    (4) Heb 10:10-14

    Posted by John Samson on August 8, 2011 07:19 AM

    Comments

    Just in terms of how we understand the atonement from a historical or Patristic point of view: how is the Reformed theological view of the atonement at all compatible with the Orthodox (captial "O") understanding? And therefore traceable to the early church. How do we know that the Reformation understanding of the atonement and justification was indeed that taught by the apostles and the church when all evidence shows it was not taught in such a way until Luther and Calvin in the 16th century? And I refer to comments by Metropolitan Kallistos Ware made in Houston on 8 March 2008, where he says the following:

    “… salvation involves a total transformation of our created personhood. Salvation is not something exterior to us, as is suggested sometimes in certain forms of penal substitution in Protestantism and by such a phrase as “imputed righteousness” used by some Protestants. We would say “no”. Salvation transforms the total fabric of our humanness. And so theosis, in this way, denotes an organic process whereby we share in the grace and glory of God. Peter is still Peter, John is still John, James is still James. We remain the created persons we are now. But we are permeated by the divine glory.”

    The whole lecture is found here: http://ancientfaith.com/houston/metropolitan_kallistos_in_houston_part_1

    Best regads
    Simon

    Simon,

    You are incorrect to say that the Reformation view was not taught before Luther or Calvin. I refer you to Steven Lawson's recent book "Pillars of Grace (A Long Line of Godly Men, Volume Two)"

    Regarding the Orthodox Church, that is a whole field of study in itself. I refer you to an article and further resources here: http://effectualgrace.com/2011/07/30/eastern-orthodoxy/

    Thanks for that information John. The article you provided does show that Eastern Orthodoxy is utterly orthodox, in that they formulated the creeds and defended the church from heresy.

    The sola scriptura passage was interesting, particularly where Calvin asserts that the Word of God gave birth to the church. I'm not sure whether what Calvin means here is that Jesus is, in effect, exactly the same as scripture (The Word became flesh?) (maybe you could help me out on this?).

    But it doesn't seem at all likely that, despite the book by Jeffery et al., penal substitutionary atonement, per the Reformation, was the primary way the early church Fathers thought about the atonement. Aulen's book comes to mind. And we know that Orthodoxy affirms the Christus Victor motif (so to affirm CV does not automatically mean that one will degenerate into a liberal deluge of denying the resurrection etc etc) and has never embraced penal substitution. I'll have to read Lawson's book, perhaps this will be more convincing than Jeffery et al.

    Anyway, thanks for the response.

    Post a comment

    Please enter the letter "r" in the field below: