Chrysostom Vs. Augustine on Man's WIll
John Chrysostom (347-407), held to this opinion,
“All is in God’s power, but so that our free-will is not lost, . . It depends therefore on us and on Him. We must first choose the good, and then He adds what belongs to Him. He does not precede our willing, that our free-will may not suffer. But when we have chosen, then He affords us much help . . . It is ours to choose beforehand and to will, but God’s to perfect and bring to the end.” … Salvation is of God and of man!"
Now contrast this view with Augustine (354 – 430):
"God's mercy ... goes before the unwilling to make him willing; it follows the willing to make his will effectual."
- Augustine, Handbook on Faith, Hope, and Love.
"The nature of the Divine goodness is not only to open to those who knock. but also to cause them to knock and ask."
"In some places God requires newness of heart [Ezek 18:31]. But elsewhere he testifies that it is given by him [Ezek. 11:19; 36:26]. But what God promises we ourselves do not do through choice or nature; but he himself does through grace."
'Can we possibly, without utter absurdity, maintain that there first existed in anyone the good virtue of a good will, to entitle him to the removal of his heart of stone? How can we say this, when all the time this heart of stone itself signifies precisely a will of the hardest kind, a will that is absolutely inflexible against God? For if a good will comes first, there is obviously no longer a heart of stone.'