Excerpts from "Disputation against Scholastic Theology" by Martin Luther
The following are important affirmations From Luther's 97 Theses, Disputation against Scholastic Theology
5. It is false to say that the human will, left to itself, is free to choose between opposites; for it is not free, but in bondage.
6. It is false to say that the will is able by nature to obey a righteous command. I state this in opposition to scotus and Gabriel [neo-pelagians].
7. In fact, without God's grace with will produces a perverse and evil act.
29. The best and infallible preparation for grace, and the only thing that disposes a person towards grace, is the eternal election and predestination of God.
34. In short, human nature possesses neither a pure reason nor a good will.
39. From beginning to end, we are not masters of our own actions, but their slaves. I state this in opposition to the philosophers.
40. We do not become righteous by doing good deeds. Rather, having been made righteous, we then do good deeds. I state this in opposition to the philosophers.
43. It is false to say that no one can become a theologian without Aristotle. I state this in opposition to common opinion.
71. The law of God and the human will are two enemies, which can never be reconciled apart from the grace of God.
74. The law makes sin abound, because it exasperates and repels the will.
75. But the grace of God makes righteousness abound though Jesus Christ, who causes us to love the law.
78. The will, when it turns toward the law apart from the grace of God, does so purely out of its own interest alone.
88. From this is it clear that everyone's will is by nature wicked and bad.
89. Grace is necessary as a mediator to reconcile the law with the will.