"...if anyone makes the assistance of grace depend on the humility or obedience of man and does not agree that it is a gift of grace itself that we are obedient and humble, he contradicts the Apostle who says, "What have you that you did not receive?" (1 Cor. 4:7), and, "But by the grace of God I am what I am" (1 Cor. 15:10). (Council of Orange: Canon 6)


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    To Cut off the Sinner from All Hope in Himself

    One of the most prevalent motifs that runs through the whole Bible is its constant reminder of the insufficiency of man. While this may seem all too obvious, we need constant reminding of this critical truth in our everyday lives. This goes for the non-Christian, because he has no hope apart from Christ's mercy, and for the Christian who has no hope, save in Christ and Christ alone. This is not only clear in those parts of the Scripture which are propositional but also are quite pervasive in the gospel narratives. If you look closely at many of the stories associated with Christ's earthly ministry, it becomes clear that deliverance occurred in individuals only when the they were so desperate that they came to an end of themselves and were reduced to begging, if you will. Grace works salvation in us, not as we are, but first humbles our pride revealing our natural brokenness, spiritual bankruptcy and impotence, which none of us naturally appear ready to admit. For our true condition before God is that we cannot even lift a finger toward our salvation and can bring nothing to God except that which He first gives us.

    In the gospels, the first reaction to an encounter with Jesus was often a holy fear or dread when confronted with His capacity to provide that which they were insufficient to provide for themselves. When Peter was fishing all night and then in the morning commanded by our Lord to cast the net to the other side of the boat to cath fish, Peter immediately took in such a load of fish that the boat began to sink. Peter’s reaction was holy fear and a desire to get away for the Lord for in it He saw his own sinfulness.

    In each of the stories on Mark 4:35-5:43 we see similar happenings:

    In desperation, after the disciples woke Jesus from sleep on the turbulent sea, Jesus calmed the waves, “And they were filled with great fear and said to one another, "Who then is this, that even wind and sea obey him?" (Mark 4:41) Their fear of Jesus was now greater than had been their fear of the storm.

    After Jesus cast the demons into the herd of swine, those who saw it ran off to report it and when others….”came to Jesus and saw the demon-possessed man, the one who had had the legion, sitting there, clothed and in his right mind, and they were afraid.(Mark 5:15)

    There was also a woman who was bleeding for 12 years that touched Jesus garment. After being healed “…the woman, knowing what had happened to her, came in fear and trembling and fell down before him and told him the whole truth.” (Mark 5:33)

    Then lastly the crowd was astounded after Jesus raised the twelve year old dead girl to life. (Mark 5:42)

    Take note, in each story, as in many more stories in the gospel narratives, people have come to Jesus to help solve some problem after all possible human means have been exhausted, many times after years of trying. The result was often people falling at Jesus’ feet. But the proud who failed to see their own desperate condition, had no such reaction. Jesus said, "If you were blind you would not be guilty of sin, but now that you claim you can see, your guilt remains." We are not quick to learn this lesson, i.e. that we are a dependent people and have nothing in ourselves and can do nothing apart from Jesus. That which we can do, we can only thank Him for. God reaches us when we find ourselves in desperation because we so often wrongly trust in our own boasted self-sufficiency. But Jesus calls us to pray always .. because prayer is a posture of looking away from ourselves for help to the only One who can provide it. The Bible uses these stories, most importantly, to exhibit our own helplessness, a situation which we human beings cannot resolve.

    It seems that Jesus brings about events in our lives that will reveal our insufficiency so that we might find Him. For as long as we pridefully think all we can help ourselves (even a little), He remains hidden. But take note, it is by the grace of God we are what we are, which means that even the very humility needed to recognize the truth and excellency of Jesus does not come naturally. It is a gift of grace. When Peter acknowledged Jesus was the Son of the living God, Jesus quickly quenched any pride that might rise up in Peter by reminding him that even his very understanding of this was not revealed by flesh and blood but by His Father in heaven. This strips man of all possible hope in himself, even to understand or lift a finger toward God. Christ is awakened, as it were, when he hears us pray, for then we no longer are looking to our own resources nor think we have the ability in ourselves.

    The common thread through these stories, and many like them in Scripture, is a revelation of man’s utter insufficiency. This is really the last thing the natural man wishes to hear so he suppresses this truth, but Jesus keeps reminding us that true faith can only be a humble faith. That is, a disposition of a beggar reduced to desperation which abases oneself and exalts God alone. No one can be a true believer unless they truly believe they justly deserve the wrath of God save in Christ’s mercy alone, having no confidence in the flesh. The will of the true Christian is bowed and despairs of all hope in himself – they can only find solace, peace and hope in Christ. We see the effects of grace working in a person when they come to the end of themselves and their own resources. Only as we become sensible of our own inadequacy and helplessness and our pride is mortified does it become apparent that Christ has done a work of grace us. For even the very humility to believe does not come by nature, but by grace. There is nothing more essential to true religion. The only door we can enter heaven is extremely low, such that we must crawl on our hands and knees to enter. True faith trusts God’s righteousness and excellence, not our own.

    This is most clearly revealed in Jesus parable of the Pharisee and the tax collector, where the Pharisee boasts of his obedience and the tax collector simply looks to the ground, beats his chest and asks for mercy on the sinner. This is our true position before God.

    Psalm 34:18
    The LORD is near to the brokenhearted
    and saves the crushed in spirit.

    Psalm 138:6
    For though the LORD is high, he regards the lowly,
    but the haughty he knows from afar.

    Isaiah 57:15
    For thus says the One who is high and lifted up,who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy:"I dwell in the high and holy place,and also with him who is of a contrite and lowly spirit,to revive the spirit of the lowly,and to revive the heart of the contrite.

    Isaiah 66:2
    But this is the one to whom I will look:
    he who is humble and contrite in spirit
    and trembles at my word.

    Matt 5:3
    3"Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

    This humility is the first essential thing pertaining to the true faith – to renounce all natural self-exaltation, and glory only in Christ.

    How does this affect our preaching to unbelievers. In every way. Ichabod S. Spencer once said, "To cut off the sinner from all reliance upon himself, his merits and his powers; and throw him, naked and helpless, into the hands of the Holy Spirit to lead him to Christ in faith; should be the one great aim of the ministry."

    If a preacher (or a doctrine) nourishes a good opinion of man, he is spawning a dangerous error, for all men naturally are a god to themselves. They need little further encouragment to think even more highly of themselves. Consider this: if the carpenter working on your house tells you that your entire house is rotten and eaten through with termites, and thus must be torn down and a entirely new house buit in its place, but a second carpenter tells you that's its ok, you don't need to worry, that the house will probably stand and only needs a little reinforcement at minimal cost ... most people would be naturally willing to listen to the later. The first carpenter's advice is too drastic, you think, but you know the first one is right. Likewise, Christ comes to us and, in love, informs us that our natural state is rotten and and the old frame of the house must come down so that a new one can be built in its place. its devastating news. But the synergist comes in with his corrupt doctrine which enflames the pride of man by telling him that he is not as far gone as the other asserts. God merely need superadd grace to what you already have. (Gurnall) No, says Christ, "unless a seed falls to the ground and die, it remains a single seed" ... and "he that would save his life must lose it."

    Yes we must pay our debts in full, but thanks be to God, Christ is our paymaster. Send your conscience and Satan to Christ and let them make a charge against Him, who is now sitting at God's right hand incerceeding for you, to clear all your accounts.

    J.W. Hendryx

    Posted by John on February 6, 2007 10:51 AM


    You have no idea how much this just helped me!


    with all due respect,



    The Lord speaks.... "flowing like a fresh spring, cool, invigorating".... through men!

    This points to New Jeru-river of flowing Shalom-PEACE.

    Yes, New Jerusalem comes down among men!

    yes and amen

    Thanks for the post John. Very helpful as always. I have a question that relates to your topic. What did Jesus mean when he said in Luke 8:15 "But the seed on good soil stands for those with a noble and good heart, who hear the word, retain it, and by perservering produce a crop"? Sounds like a noble and good heart is in place before understanding happens.


    That's a very good question. It is true that the heart must be "noble and good" prior to belief, an impossible supposition for natural man apart from grace. That is where regeneration comes in.

    God is like the farmer who plows up the fallow ground of our heart that it might become good soil, for no soil is good by nature. Natural ground is filled with thorns, rocks and the like. But the farmer comes in and makes the soil good when he plows it up. Apart from Christ, apart from the holy Spirit, apart from grace, men's hearts are all rocky soil, so to speak.

    The prophet Ezekiel, moved by the Holy Spirit said,
    25"I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean from all your uncleannesses, and from all your idols I will cleanse you. 26And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. And I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules." Ezekiel 36:25-27

    No one believes while their heart is still stone. God must remove the stoney heart and put in a heart of flesh before one has a noble heart that will desire to obey the gospel. This is a work of grace, not a natural work. We must thank God for all we have, not just thank Him for some things and take credit for the rest.

    No one who calls himself a Christian would claim that a person can come to faith apart from the work of the Holy Sprit, no?



    I ask for iron now.

    Would you go this far and conclude this:





    Obviously, prior to grace, the soil is not Jesus Christ ... rather it is a corrupt heart, but as we are united to Christ, the soil is good, so yes, Jesus Christ is the good soil ... apart from whom we can produce no fruit. (see John 15)

    But it would appear that in the parable the seed is the gospel.

    important to remember though is that parables can only take us so far and they only have value in so far as what they are trying to communicate. It is best not to try to read too much into them. For example, in the parable of the unjust judge ... the judge represented God, but for reasons other than the fact that he was unjust.


    thank you!

    Yes, I am so glad for God's un-just-ness towards me.

    Mercy triumphs over JUSTICE/JUDGMENT I desire!!

    I would want to go further with this???

    I've recently crossed over from syn to monergism..can't believe I believed that error for so long ...all the other issues such as why do the people born into Islamic familes/countries when I'm favoured to have been born into a Christian environment.
    Ok one question I do have is regarding the passage in Heb6 where the writer talks about someone partaking of the Holy Spirit etc....this person then is not of the elect...but what do you think it means in practical terms ?

    Dave Walace

    Delighted to see your post. That is a great question about Hebrews 6.

    I previously wrote a short post on this issue:

    Nice one. I hope a follow-up piece can be written on how this all relates to sanctification.


    You're right, John.

    I myself was convinced of the total helplessness of man by experience, then later by the study of the word of God. When I've just recently accepted Christ, I tried many “techniques” to grow in holiness, relying mostly on myself, failing miserably. Until I’ve learn of the total inability of man did I realized that I have to rely on God, never on myself, to grow in Him.

    Thanks for the article for again giving me more insights on why God is indeed worthy of praises.

    God bless you.

    Amen. Thanks. I am reading through all of the "Start Here" links. I am trying to find the "end of myself" still. I think I found it, it exists everywhere I look. I got caught up in a "downsizing" 5-6 yrs ago and just basically lost my faith, my confidence, my peace and I fear at at times my mind as well. Not really but anyway. I wandered about (like Israel in the desert), checked out Islam, converted to Islam, left Islam, found Deism, believed Deism and then just ceased to believe anything. Praise God He did not give up on me and kept drawing me back. I am struggling still but making some headway, well not really me - I am just following the best I can and praying for a work of grace to work within my heart and enable me to have faith and believe.

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