"...if anyone makes the assistance of grace depend on the humility or obedience of man and does not agree that it is a gift of grace itself that we are obedient and humble, he contradicts the Apostle who says, "What have you that you did not receive?" (1 Cor. 4:7), and, "But by the grace of God I am what I am" (1 Cor. 15:10). (Council of Orange: Canon 6)


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  • « From Packer's Intro to Luther's Bondage of the Will | Main | Substitutionary Atonement and Double Imputation - 2nd Century AD »

    Images of the Savior (48 – His Crucifixion)

    But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. And the one who saw bore witness, and his witness is true, and he knows that he speaks truth, that you might believe. – John 19:34-35

    As we follow our Savior to the hill of Calvary, we have come to the very time and place for which history was designed. This is the only reference point which gives meaning to all time and reality; no verse in all of scriptures and no event in all of history makes sense until it is related to what took place here. Consider for a moment how all the Old Testament scriptures prepare for this event, from the first prophecy of the Messiah given in Genesis 3:15, to the clothing that the gracious God made for Adam and Eve, to the blood sacrifice of Abel and all the rivers of blood that followed from that point on. Consider the tension built up to a mighty paradox, that the essential nature of God is that he has mercy upon thousands of generations, and yet will not at all acquit the wicked (Exodus 34:6-7), those two great attributes of the Lord that cry out for a resolution, a resolution which is pictured and foreshadowed in many countless ways in prescribed Jewish worship, and yet never adequately accomplished. Consider how central this event was to the life of Christ, the God-Man, whose every step he took was self-consciously a step closer to this climactic and dramatic sacrifice. Consider how central it was to the writers of the New Testament, whose gospel consisted only of the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ (I Corinthians 15:3-4), how central it is to all the centuries following, in which the full fruits of that mighty work are being gathered from the nations, and how central it will be in all eternity, when the blood-bought multitude sings the praises of the Lamb who was slain in never-ending worship. What is your trouble today? It may be resolved in only one way: looking to the pierced side of our Savior, which flowed with the blood of substitution, for our forgiveness; and the water of purification, for our cleansing. This is all our hope: let us live at the foot of the cross every day of our lives, until our merciful Savior takes us to the home that he prepared for us on Golgotha! Let us now reflect a little further on the centrality of this event.

    If there is one theme that runs the entire course of scripture, binding everything together in a united whole, it is the fundamental truth of all reality that, what God does, he does for his own glory. All that God created, he created for his glory (Revelation 4:11, Isaiah 43:7); and all that God does with his creation, he does, ultimately, so that he may be glorified (Isaiah 46:9-13). Every rivulet of history is so planned out by the sovereign God of the universe that, when its course is ended, it will issue forth with all of creation in a mighty tide that testifies to nothing other than the glory of God. This is true of the final outcome of the wicked, who will glorify God’s wrath and justice (Proverbs 16:4; Romans 9:22); and especially of the final outcome of the people of Christ, who for all eternity will glorify the greatness of God’s faithfulness, love, mercy, and grace (Romans 9:23-24; Ephesians 1:3-6; 2:7).

    Now, what is it for God to be glorified? It is certainly not as though we or the rest of creation are adding anything glorious to God. He is infinitely glorious in his person, and has been for all of eternity, before he had ever brought creation into existence with the word of his mouth. Creation added nothing to him, and derives everything from him. So if creation adds no glory to God, what does it mean that everything glorifies him? Simply this: that everything exists to display who he is. God, being essentially glorious by his very nature, is glorified when he is seen for who he is. Which means that all God created and all he has done in history is ultimately done to display himself. History is the grand display of the all-glorious God.


    This unified purpose for history suggests a unified theme around which all of history is designed. What is the superlative way in which God might be displayed for who he is? Find the answer to that question, and you will discover the goal toward which all of history is striving together. Fortunately, the scriptures do not leave us ignorant of this unifying theme; it is nothing other than God’s mightiest act of all: the redemption of his people. All of history is redemptive history; because redemption is the greatest display of God’s essential nature that could have been formulated in the mind of God. Hence, matters related to the accomplishment of redemption are unexceptionally the great events of history and at the same time the great revelations of God. Consider the Old Testament redemptive accomplishment par excellence: the exodus from Egypt. This one mighty act displayed the power and glory of God in a superlative degree. All other gods were found out to be impotent imposters; all of creation was shown to be in the almighty hand of God, ready to do his bidding, no matter how impossible the task; God’s mercy, elective love, covenant faithfulness, and just wrath against sin, poured out on a spotless substitutionary sacrifice, were seen more clearly than ever before. And this great display of who God is was also the most pivotal event in the history of God’s people. Great events in history, in proportion as they are great, are also great displays of God’s nature.

    What then is the pinnacle of all history, and the ultimate display of who God is? The central moment of all history, the greatest display of God’s eternal glory, indeed the very reason that God made the world and worked out all of history to bring things just to that point – to the fullness of time, to the minutely and flawlessly prepared stage for the mightiest of all acts – that central moment was the eternal Son of God’s taking on human flesh, accomplishing a perfect obedience, and offering himself up as a substitutionary sacrifice to accomplish eternal redemption for those whom the Father had given him. And this pivotal moment of all history was also the unparalleled display of God’s nature. God, who had been revealing himself in various ways in past ages, revealed himself fully and perfectly when he sent his Son into the world (Hebrews 1:1-3; John 1:18). The greatest display of God’s nature consists in Christ’s accomplishing redemption. And the pinnacle of Christ’s redemptive work, in fact the moment for which he came into the world (John 12:27), occurred nearly two thousand years ago on Good Friday. The cross is both the greatest event in all of history and the mightiest display of God’s nature. Let us here pause to reflect on some ways in which we can apprehend the nature of God by beholding the wonder of the cross.

    First, the very essence of the Godhead, that God is one God eternally existing in three Persons, who are joyfully and eternally united in a holy fellowship, could never have been apprehended apart from this great work. Theologians like to distinguish between the ontological Trinity and the economical Trinity. The ontological Trinity refers to who God is in his essential being; the economical Trinity refers to how this essential nature works itself out in the mighty acts of God. No act of God in all of history could have been better designed to display the wonder of the ontological Trinity than the work of redemption. In this work, we see how the Father relates to the Son, planning out a mighty task for him alone to accomplish (John 10:18), delighting in his perfect obedience to that plan (Luke 3:22; John 10:17), and rejoicing to glorify him as the only Redeemer and Mediator between God and men (John 17:5; I Timothy 2:5), the unique and marvelous God-Man, the One who alone holds the keys to Death and Hell (Revelation 1:18), the Possessor of the only Name which is above all names (Philippians 2:9-11). We see how the Son delights to render perfect obedience to the Father, giving glory to him (John 4:34; 17:4; I Corinthians 15:25-28). We see how the Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son, and how his delight is to testify, not of himself, but of Christ (John 14:16-17,26; 15:26). The very nature of God is Trinitarian. And we could never have understood the ontological inter-Trinitarian relationship as we do now, if God had not displayed himself economically through redemption: the Father planning, the Son accomplishing, and the Spirit applying that blessing which contains in itself all blessings (cf. Ephesians 1:3-14).

    Furthermore, the absoluteness of God’s justice, the uncompromisable purity of his holiness, the infinite weight of his wrath against sin, are all things which we never glimpse so emphatically as we do when we gaze at the Son of God suffering under the curse of God, bearing God’s wrath as he hangs upon a tree. How unflinching is God’s justice, how vast his hatred of all which is opposed to his holy nature that, because of sin, he was pleased to crush his only spotless Son (Isaiah 53:10), whom he loved with all the love of an infinite Being who is very love! God’s justice must be infinite; because to satisfy it, he required an infinite sacrifice, even Jesus Christ, infinite in his being, purity, and holiness. God’s wrath must be eternal; because to exhaust it took the death of One who is very Life, eternal and unchangeable in his Person. Oh how great is the display of God in his holiness, purity, love of right and hatred of wrong, faithfulness to carry out the demands of his immutable law – how great is the display of who God is on the cross of Calvary!

    But beyond the display of God in his justice and holy wrath, we see in the cross the unmatched display of God in his faithfulness, compassion, mercy, and love. How infallible is God’s faithfulness to his sovereignly-entered covenant that, in order to fulfill its promised blessings, he did not even spare his own Son! No rebellion, depravity, or sinfulness was too great for God to overcome it, and bring the blessings of eternal life, peace, and righteousness to those whom he had called to be his. This is love, free, undeserved, sovereign in its origin and application, boundless and unfathomable! This is grace, unmerited, unearned, springing forth from no other place than the illimitable reserves of the bountiful nature of God! There is no love like the love of God. God is not just loving – he is love itself (I John 4:8). And all acts and spectacles of love in all of history are but tainted reflections of the One from whose nature the very meaning of love is derived. If anyone should doubt this, let him but glimpse Christ hanging on the cross for our justification and put all foolish doubts to rest forevermore.

We were created with a purpose: to know God and enjoy eternal life in his presence. Knowing God for who he is is the essence of what it means to glorify him. Knowing God is also the essence of what it means to have eternal life, peace, joy, and purpose (John 17:3). And knowing God – knowing him and hence glorifying him and securing our own unending delight – is only possible by gazing long and hard at Calvary. Let us labor, by God’s grace, to do this not just today, but every day we live, now and throughout all eternity.

    He breathed his last, –
    And died.
    And the beat of the rain came hard and fast,
    And the lightnings writhed in the sudden blast,
    And the fierce winds cried.

    Is he then dead?
    But no –
    For, “In him was life,” the beloved said,
    And then, “Before Abraham”
    (So his own words rang out long ago),
    “I Am.”

    But there he hangs –
    Ah! red
    And bloody his lifeless, ghastly form,
    And the legions of darkness around him swarm,
    And they gnash on him with their death-glutting fangs,
    And he is dead.

    But what is this – what stir, what rush?
    In the pounding rain,
    The rocks are split, the very heavens blush,
    The temple-veil drops powerless, rent in twain –
    And look! from their graves the godly slain
    Come out, to live again.

    Yes, “It is done!”
    And after the storm, a breath
    Kisses to life, while the demons still howl on.

    His death is the death of death.
    The minions of hell, that shrieked in horrid glee,
    Now lift their voices in hopeless moans,
    And, terror-stricken, flee.
    And Sunday dawns.

    Posted by Nathan on December 3, 2007 10:15 AM

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