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"...if anyone makes the assistance of grace depend on the humility or obedience of man and does not agree that it is a gift of grace itself that we are obedient and humble, he contradicts the Apostle who says, "What have you that you did not receive?" (1 Cor. 4:7), and, "But by the grace of God I am what I am" (1 Cor. 15:10). (Council of Orange: Canon 6)

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  • « Christ the Breath of Our Nostrils | Main | Grace Creates a Truly Free Will - Augustine »

    "WORLD" - John's Ten Uses of the Word by Pastor John Samson

    The word “world” (Greek: Kosmos) appears 185 times in the New Testament: 78 times in John, 8 in Matthew, 3 in Mark, and 3 also in Luke. The vast majority of its occurrences are therefore in John’s writings, as it is also found 24 times in John’s three epistles, and just three times in Peter.

    John uses the word “world” in ten different ways in his Gospel.

    1. The Entire Universe - John 1:10; 1:3; 17:5

    2. The Physical Earth - John 13:1; 16:33; 21:25

    3. The World System - John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11 (see also similar usage in Gal 1:4 – Paul)

    4. All humanity minus believers - John 7:7; 15:18

    5. A Big Group but less than all people everywhere - John 12:19

    6. The Elect Only - John 3:17

    7. The Non-Elect Only - John 17:9

    8. The Realm of Mankind - John 1:10; (this is very probably the best understanding of the word "world" in John 3:16 also)

    9. Jews and Gentiles (not just Israel but many Gentiles too) - John 4:42

    10. The General Public (as distinguished from a private group) – not those in small private groups - John 7:4

    Seeing this list can be very helpful – especially when traditions reign supreme in some people’s minds that "world" always means all people everywhere. Sometimes it does, but most of the time, it does not. It is a tradition that is very strong but one that cannot survive biblical scrutiny. It is the context that always establishes the meaning of words and their usage.

    Posted by John Samson on April 6, 2009 06:32 PM

    Comments

    Thanks for the post. I have a 17 page study where I tried to sort out every single use of the word Kosmos into one of those categories. It is still a rough draft, since I have about 5% I am unsure how to categorize, but the study was very helpful in evidencing reformed theology.

    Thank you for the listing. It is very helpful.

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